Category: HEALTH

HEALTH
PTSD, Depression Combo Tied to High Risk for Early Death in Women

Middle-aged women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid depression have a nearly fourfold increased risk for early death from a variety of causes in comparison with their peers who do not have those conditions, new research shows.



Dr Andrea Roberts

“Women with more severe symptoms of depression and PTSD were more at risk compared to those with fewer symptoms or women with symptoms of only PTSD or only depression,” lead investigator Andrea Roberts, PhD, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, told Medscape Medical News.

Healthcare providers “should be aware that mental health is a critical component of overall health and is tightly entwined with physical health. Identifying and treating mental health issues should be a foundational part of general health practice,” said Roberts.

The study was published online December 4 in JAMA Network Open.

Mental Health Fundamental to Survival

The researchers studied more

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HEALTH
COVID-19 Changed Science Forever – The Atlantic

This article was published online on December 14, 2020.

1.

In fall of 2019, exactly zero scientists were studying COVID‑19, because no one knew the disease existed. The coronavirus that causes it, SARS‑CoV‑2, had only recently jumped into humans and had been neither identified nor named. But by the end of March 2020, it had spread to more than 170 countries, sickened more than 750,000 people, and triggered the biggest pivot in the history of modern science. Thousands of researchers dropped whatever intellectual puzzles had previously consumed their curiosity and began working on the pandemic instead. In mere months, science became thoroughly COVID-ized.

As of this writing, the biomedical library PubMed lists more than 74,000 COVID-related scientific papers—more than twice as many as there are about polio, measles, cholera, dengue, or other diseases that have plagued humanity for centuries. Only 9,700 Ebola-related papers have been published since its discovery in

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HEALTH
Amid darkest days of coronavirus pandemic, historic vaccine effort enters final stage

The post hit the internet on Jan. 10. Uploaded to an obscure medical website, it was met with little fanfare. But to the world’s scientific community, it was like a gunshot at the starting line.



A member of staff adjusts a vial of Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine at a vaccination health centre in Cardiff, South Wales, Dec. 8, 2020.


© AFP via Getty Images, FILE
A member of staff adjusts a vial of Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine at a vaccination health centre in Cardiff, South Wales, Dec. 8, 2020.

The race was on.

For weeks, newscasts had featured increasingly frightening scenes from Wuhan, the central Chinese hub where a mysterious contagion was rapidly spreading.

But just days into the New Year, researchers in China had finally revealed the genetic code of the novel coronavirus, offering Western researchers their first glimpse into the pathogen’s potency – and its simplicity.

Almost immediately, on the other side of the world, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the top infectious disease expert in the U.S., scrambled to mobilize his team of

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HEALTH
Vaccine Shipments Will Reach Distribution Centers Monday Morning : NPR

Two shipping containers holding the first doses of the Pfizer and BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine arrived at the UPS Worldport in Louisville, Ky., on Sunday.

Michael Clevenger/Getty Images


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Michael Clevenger/Getty Images

Two shipping containers holding the first doses of the Pfizer and BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine arrived at the UPS Worldport in Louisville, Ky., on Sunday.

Michael Clevenger/Getty Images

With the U.S. death toll at about 300,000, the first doses of the first authorized COVID-19 vaccine are officially en route to distribution centers across the country.

Federal officials authorized emergency use of the Pfizer and BioNTech vaccine on Friday night, setting in motion the logistically challenging process of getting the first doses to states safely and quickly.

On Saturday, Army Gen. Gustave Perna, chief operating officer of Operation Warp Speed, said shipping containers were being packed at a Pfizer facility. From there, he said, the vaccines would be

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HEALTH
First COVID 19 vaccine shipments arrive in Canada

TORONTO (AP) — The first of many freezer-packed COVID-19 vaccine vials have arrived in Canada.



Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam, left, and Major-General Dany Fortin, second from left, join other members of the vaccine distribution task force as the Canadian Armed Forces and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) hold a rehearsal of concept drill for the COVID-19 vaccine rollout at the PHAC headquarters in Ottawa on Thursday, Dec. 10, 2020. (Sean Kilpatrick/The Canadian Press via AP)


© Provided by Associated Press
Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam, left, and Major-General Dany Fortin, second from left, join other members of the vaccine distribution task force as the Canadian Armed Forces and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) hold a rehearsal of concept drill for the COVID-19 vaccine rollout at the PHAC headquarters in Ottawa on Thursday, Dec. 10, 2020. (Sean Kilpatrick/The Canadian Press via AP)

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau late Sunday tweeted a picture of them being taken off a plane. Canada’s health regulator approved the vaccine made by U.S. drugmaker Pfizer and Germany’s BioNTech last Wednesday.

The vaccines are bound for 14 distribution sites across the country.

Quebec is expected to be the first province to administer the vaccine, saying it’s prepared to start inoculating residents of two long-term

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HEALTH
how effective is it and where will it be rolled out?

Trials in the United Arab Emirates have shown that China’s Sinopharm vaccine has 86% efficacy. So what is the Chinese treatment, where is it being trialled and will it challenge the vaccines being developed in western countries?



a close up of a sign: Photograph: Tingshu Wang/Reuters


© Provided by The Guardian
Photograph: Tingshu Wang/Reuters



a close up of a sign: Sinopharm is a state-owned Chinese pharmaceutical company and is trialling two Covid-19 vaccines in countries including UAe, Argentina and Morocco.


© Photograph: Tingshu Wang/Reuters
Sinopharm is a state-owned Chinese pharmaceutical company and is trialling two Covid-19 vaccines in countries including UAe, Argentina and Morocco.

What is the Sinopharm vaccine?

Sinopharm Group is a state-owned pharmaceutical company with two vaccine candidates among China’s five experimental treatment in international final stage trials. The vaccines are not being trialled in China because the domestic prevalence of the virus is so low. Sinopharm’s vaccine and bioscience subsidiary is the China National Biotec Group Co Ltd (CNBG). Public statements about Sinopharm vaccines do not appear to clarify which of the two candidates are being discussed.

Sinopharm is among two Chinese

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HEALTH
‘Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain’ Review: Gray Matter, a User’s Manual

Are you doing something rash and unwise? Blame your “lizard brain.” Our reptilian instincts, which date from when we were all cold-blooded creatures around 300 million years ago, supposedly guide all of our primal urges, from throwing a punch to having an affair. Scientists have long posited that time and evolution stratified the human brain, with the oldest and crudest lizard layer lurking at the bottom, followed by the mammalian limbic system, which controls emotion, and topped by the uniquely human neocortex, which guides rational thought. This theory not only suggests that humans are the most evolved creatures, given our deluxe add-ons, but also explains the tug of war between our animal impulses and logical ambitions—an inner struggle Plato observed more than 2,000 years ago.

But according to Lisa Feldman Barrett, a professor at Northeastern University, the idea that the human brain developed a way to rein in our inner

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HEALTH
FDA OKs Emergency Use of Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine

Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized Pfizer/BioNTech’s COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use in people 16 years of age and older. 

The much-anticipated emergency use authorization (EUA) of this vaccine — the first such approval in the United States — was greeted with optimism by infectious disease and pulmonary experts, although unanswered questions remain regarding use in people with allergic hypersensitivity, safety in pregnant women, and how smooth distribution will be.



Dr William Schaffner

“I am delighted. This is a first, firm step on a long path to getting this COVID pandemic under control,” William Schaffner, MD, professor of infectious diseases at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tennessee, said in an interview with Medscape Medical News.

The FDA gave the green light after the December 10 recommendation from the agency’s Vaccines and

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HEALTH
First coronavirus vaccine shipments leave Pfizer facility, head to states

But even as state officials scrambled to distribute the first doses, they criticized the federal government for a lack of transparency and limited financial help, warning that both could hamper efforts to quickly vaccinate the most vulnerable populations, including health-care workers and the elderly.

As the vaccine doses made their way to hospitals Sunday, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield gave the final nod, greenlighting the decision to recommend Pfizer’s vaccine for those 16 and older.

Additionally, the governors of California, Washington, Oregon and Nevada announced Sunday that an independent review of the Pfizer vaccine found it was safe for public use. They said the vaccine was on the way but did not give a specific estimate for when the first shots would be given.

As the vaccine arrived at a Louisville hub for distribution across the east coast Sunday, Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear (D) moved up

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HEALTH
South Korean leader warns of tightest restrictions yet amid record COVID-19 case increases

South Korea’s president warned Sunday that the government may be forced to issue its tightest restrictions on public life so far in the face of surging numbers of new COVID-19 cases.



South Korean leader warns of tightest restrictions yet amid record COVID-19 case increases


© Getty Images
South Korean leader warns of tightest restrictions yet amid record COVID-19 case increases

Reuters reported that Moon Jae-in said during a news conference that South Korea could move to its third level of coronavirus-related restrictions if case numbers are not brought under control, a level that would mean an end to in-person classes for schools as well as a provision requiring only essential workers reporting to work in person.

“Unless the outbreak can be contained now, it has come to the critical point of considering escalating social-distancing measures to the third level,” he said, according to the news agency.

Video: Leana Wen, MD, says it’s not unreasonable for schools to require covid vaccine in the future

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